Nephrology: Anatomy and Physiology, Introduction: Nephrology
Anatomical Features of the Kidney
Excretion and Osmoregulation
Additional Functions of the Kidney
Marieb EN. Human Anatomy and Physiology, 6th Ed. 2004. San Francisco, CA: Pearson Education, Inc.
Excretion: The removal of wastes from the body, while conserving essential substances.
Osmoregulation: The control of the balance between water and salts in the body fluids of animals.
Osmosis: Diffusion of a solvent (water) through a semipermeable membrane from a dilute to a more concentrated solution