SMi Source Lesson Cardiovascular: Atrial Fibrillation

  • SMi Source lesson Cardiovascular: Atrial Fibrillation has the following microlearning topics

  • 1. Introduction: Atrial Fibrillation

    2. Learning Objectives

    3. Epidemiology of Atrial Fibrillation: Overview

    4. Knowledge Check: Prevalence of AF

    5. Atrial Fibrillation Definition

    6. Knowledge Check: Definition of Atrial Fibrillation

    7. Knowledge Check: Permanent AF

    8. Knowledge Check: Sample Electrocardiograms (ECGs)

    9. Causes of Atrial Fibrillation: Overview

    10. Reversible Conditions and Associated Heart Disease

    11. Atrial Fibrillation Without Associated Heart Disease - Lone AF

    12. Knowledge Check: Atrial Fibrillation Prevalence

    13. Knowledge Check: Underlying Heart Disease or Secondary Identifiable Factors

    14. Knowledge Check: Risk Factor for AF

    15. Atrial Fibrosis

    16. Triggers and Mechanisms of Atrial Fibrillation

    17. Atrial Fibrillation Maintaining Mechanisms

    18. Knowledge Check: Electrical Remodeling, Structural Remodeling, and AF

    19. Knowledge Check: Atrial Fibrillation Mechanism

    20. Knowledge Check: Atrial Fibrillation Ectopic Impulse Mechanism

    21. Myocardial and Hemodynamic Consequences: Overview

    22. Risk of Thromboembolism

    23. Risk Stratification: CHADS2 Limitations

    24. Risk of Thromboembolism: Risk Stratification

    25. Thromboembolic Complications: Atrial Stunning During Cardioversion

    26. Transient Ischemic Attacks and Stroke and Impact of Stroke in Atrial Fibrillation

    27. Knowledge Check: Potential Complications of Atrial Fibrillation

    28. Knowledge Check: Risk Factors for Stroke and Thromboembolism

    29. Knowledge Check: Risk Stratification Scheme

    30. Management Goals and Factors to Consider

    31. Overview of Strategies and Rate Control

    32. Rate Control: Pharmacological Therapy

    33. Rate and Rhythm Control

    34. Rhythm Control: Nonpharmacological Methods

    35. Rhythm Control and Preventing Thromboembolism

    36. Preventing Thromboembolism: Anticoagulation

    37. Knowledge Check: Rate Control vs. Rhythm Control

    38. Knowledge Check: Efficacy for Pharmacological Cardioversion

    39. Knowledge Check: AACF/AHA/AHRS Guidelines

  • Lesson Cardiovascular: Atrial Fibrillation teaches these concepts

  • Understanding Atrial Fibrillation, Introduction: Atrial Fibrillation

  • Lesson Cardiovascular: Atrial Fibrillation addresses these key points

  • Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia in clinical practice.

    • During AF there is reduced flow of blood in the left atria and left atrial appendage that corresponds to loss of organized mechanical contraction. 
    • Decreased blood flow in the left atrium and left atrial appendage during AF is associated with thrombus formation and embolic events. 
  • Lesson Cardiovascular: Atrial Fibrillation is built from these main references. Log into SMi Source for a complete list and details.

  • Fuster V, Rydén LE, Cannom DS, et al. 2006 Writing Committed Members. Wann LS, Curtis AB, Ellenbogen KA, et al 2011 Writing Group Members. 2011 ACCF/AHA/HRS Focused Updates Incorporated Into the ACC/AHA/ESC 2006 Guidelines for the Management of Patients with Atrial Fibrillation. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2011;57(11):e101-e198. (Pg 117e, col 1, para 2)

    GA Insertion and Go AS, Hylek EM, Phillips KA, et al. Prevalence of diagnosed atrial fibrillation in adults. National implications for rhythm management and stroke prevention: the AnTicoagulation and Risk Factors in Atrial Fibrillation (ATRIA) study. JAMA. 2001;285:2370-2375.

    GA Insertion and Lloyd-Jones DM, Wang TJ, Leip EP, et al. Lifetime risk for development of atrial fibrillation: the Framingham Heart Study. Circulation. 2004;110:1042-1046.

    Menke J, Lüthje L, Kastrup A, Larsen J. Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation. Am J Cardio. 2010;105:502-510. (Pg 502, col 1, para 1; Pg 505, col 2)

    MK Detail added. Menke J, Lüthje L, Kastrup A, Larsen J. Thromboembolism in Atrial Fibrillation. Am J Cardio. 2010;105:502-510. (Pg 502, Abstract; col 1, para 1)